The cannabis flower have hundreds of different compounds that produce different effect. CBD and THC are cannabinoids that come from the resin that cover the mature cannabis flower. But they affect our endocannabinoid system (ECS) differently when consumed.
- CBD and THC both bind to the CB2 receptor, but they interact with the CB1 receptors differently. CBD does not bond directly with the CB1 receptor. THC binds directly with CB1 receptors and this causes the feeling of “getting high.”
- THC penetrates the brain, it stimulates the cells to release the substance called dopamine. Because of the high effect, THC is a psychoactive drug. CBD is non-psychoactive – it will not get you “high.”
- CBD derived from hemp is legal in all 50 states. But THC is still illegal in the U.S. because it is considered a “psychoactive” drug.
- THC is used for pain, nausea, sleep apnea, stress disorders and can help alleviate symptoms from chemotherapy, multiple sclerosis, glaucoma, AIDS, and spinal injuries. CBD helps relieve stress, depression, anxiety, inflammation, cancer, epilepsy, schizophrenia,trauma, multiple sclerosis, migraines, and arthritis.
- Studies show that THC can cause abnormalities in the heart and brain. Long-term used of THC has been linked to cognitive impairment, memory loss, and lung problems. Even though research of CBD is still new and ongoing, it does not appear to have any long-term side effects.